Warwick Anti-Casualisation Teaching Diaries Survey (March 2016)
In March 2016, Warwick Anti-Casualisation conducted a ‘Teaching Diaries’ survey for hourly paid teachers at Warwick. For the duration of week 8 of term 2 of the academic year 2015/2016, hourly paid teachers were asked to keep a log of how long they spent on all teaching-related tasks, compared to how many hours they were being paid for.
78 hourly paid tutors from across 13 departments of the University participated in the survey. The findings are indicative, but they offer a glimpse into the extent of unpaid work carried out by hourly paid teachers at Warwick, and expose the numerous shortcomings of the new Sessional Teaching Payroll frameworks.
23% of respondents reported that they worked without a written contract specifying the terms of their hourly work.
The amount of total unpaid hours worked each week was obtained by calculating the difference between total hours worked and hours for which payment was received.
In departments participating in the Sessional Teaching Payroll pilot, the average of unpaid hours worked each week was 1.3 hours (median 1.75).
In departments not participating in the Sessional Teaching Payroll pilot, the average of unpaid hours per week was 4.81 hours (median 4.98).
(To facilitate comparison, this figure was calculated as if tutors in non-STP pilot departments were paid the STP rates for their current workload)
On average, across the whole university, each hour worked corresponded to 2.6 hours of unpaid work (median 1.66).
Unpaid admin and emailing
Tutors in STP pilot departments spent on average 0.90 hours per week emailing students, 0.4 hours on admin and 0.22 hours emailing other staff members. On average, tutors spent 1.5 hours per week sending emails and carrying out administrative tasks for the courses they teach on. None of these hours are paid for under the new STP frameworks.
Unpaid preparation time
The average amount of teaching hours carried out by hourly paid tutors per week was 2.76 hours across the whole University.
In non-STP pilot departments, tutors spent on average 5.86 hours in preparation time for teaching each week. However, under the existing pay frameworks, in most departments only one hour of preparation time per hour of contact time is paid for. This suggests that on average, tutors in non-STP pilot departments spend at least 2 hours a week in unpaid preparation time for teaching.
Tutors in STP pilot departments spent on average 4.70 hours in preparation time for teaching each week. In pilot departments, for each hour of contact time (teaching in seminars or lectures) tutors worked on average 1.99 hours (i.e. ~2 hours) of preparation time. However, under the STP framework for the Social Sciences, only 3 hours of preparation per module are paid for – thus leaving a shortfall of at least 1.7 hours per week of unpaid preparation time.
Actual pay levels
We calculated the actual amount of hourly paid that tutors received by dividing the total amount of weekly take home pay against the total amount of hours actually worked in teaching and teaching-related duties.
24% of hourly paid tutors received an actual wage of below £7.20 (the Government’s ‘National Living Wage’ for people aged 15+) once their unpaid hours were taken into account.
32% of hourly paid tutors are paid below the Living Wage Foundation’s living wage (£8.20 per hour) once their unpaid hours were taken into account.
More results and full break-down of findings coming soon!